Alliance A031102

This randomized phase III trial studies how well standard-dose combination chemotherapy works compared to high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant in treating MEN with germ cell tumors that have returned after a period of improvement or did not respond to treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, ifosfamide, cisplatin, carboplatin, and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy before a stem cell transplant stops the growth of cancer cells by stopping them from dividing or killing them. Giving colony-stimulating factors, such as filgrastim or pegfilgrastim, and certain chemotherapy drugs, helps stem cells move from the bone marrow to the blood so they can be collected and stored. Chemotherapy is then given to prepare the bone marrow for the stem cell transplant. The stem cells are then returned to the patient to replace the blood-forming cells that were destroyed by the chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant are more effective than standard-dose combination chemotherapy in treating patients with refractory or relapsed germ cell tumors.

Alliance A091802

This phase II trial studies how well avelumab with or without cetuximab work in treating patients with skin squamous cell cancer that has spread to other places in the body (advanced). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as avelumab and cetuximab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Alliance A151804

This trial collects research data and samples from patients who experience immunotherapy side effects to store for use in future research studies. Studying research data and samples from patients who experience immunotherapy side effects may help researchers better understand how to predict, prevent, and treat these side effects.

COG ACCL16N1CD – Temporarily Closed

This research trial studies cancer care delivery in adolescent and young adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Surveying institutions, evaluating delivery of care at the patient level and seeking input from healthcare providers may help doctors increase rates of adherence to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) treatment guidelines. It may also improve care for adolescent and young adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

ECOG-ACRIN NHLBI-MDS

This research trial collects tissue samples from and studies the history of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). Collecting and storing patients' bone marrow, blood, eyebrow hairs, buccal swab, skin, or other tissues to be studied in the laboratory in the future may help doctors learn more about MDS and blood disorders that may lead to MDS. Collecting information about patients and the treatments they receive may allow doctors to better understand how MDS changes over time and this knowledge may lead to better ways to prevent, detect, and treat MDS in the future.

NCI DCP-001

Use of a Clinical Trial Screening Tool to Address Cancer Health Disparities in the NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP)

NCI PDM9846

This research trial collects and stores tissue and blood samples from patients with cancer. Collecting and storing samples of tissue and blood from patients with cancer to study in the laboratory may help scientists create new and better models to learn about cancer and to test new cancer drugs.

P10323 Moonshot Biobank

This trial collects multiple tissue and blood samples, along with medical information, from cancer patients. The "Cancer Moonshot Biobank" is a longitudinal study. This means it collects and stores samples and information over time, throughout the course of a patient's cancer treatment. By looking at samples and information collected from the same people over time, researchers hope to better understand how cancer changes over time and over the course of medical treatments.

SWOG S1823

This trial studies whether the blood marker micro ribonucleic acid (miRNA) 371 can predict the chance of cancer returning in patients with germ cell cancers. Studying samples of blood from patients with germ cell cancers in the laboratory may help doctors predict how likely the cancer will come back. Patients must have a new diagnosis of a germ cell tumor confirmed pathologically or serologically (diagnostic elevation of HCG/AFP); all primary sites, stages, histological subtypes of germ cell tumor are eligible