This phase II trial studies how well vismodegib and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) inhibitor GSK2256098 work in treating patients with meningioma that is growing, spreading, or getting worse. Vismodegib and FAK inhibitor GSK2256098 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
This phase II trial studies how well genetic testing works in guiding treatment for patients with solid tumors that have spread to the brain. Several genes have been found to be altered or mutated in brain metastases such as NTRK, ROS1, CDK or PI3K. Medications that target these genes such as abemaciclib, GDC-0084, and entrectinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Genetic testing may help doctors tailor treatment for each mutation
This phase III trial studies how well single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery works compared with fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery in treating patients with cancer that has spread to the brain from other parts of the body (brain metastases) and has been removed by surgery (resected). Single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may cause less damage to normal tissue. Fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery delivers multiple, smaller doses of radiation therapy over time. This study may help doctors find out if fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery is better or worse than the usual approach with single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery.
This randomized phase III trial compares giving radiation therapy alone or temozolomide together with radiation therapy and to see which works best in treating patients with newly diagnosed anaplastic glioma or low grade glioma. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving radiation therapy alone or temozolomide together with radiation therapy is better in treating anaplastic glioma or low grade glioma.
This phase III trial studies stereotactic radiosurgery to see how well it works compared to hippocampus avoidance whole-brain radiation therapy with memantine in treating patients with 5-15 brain tumors that have spread from other places in the body. Stereotactic radiosurgery is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may cause less damage to normal tissue. Hippocampus avoidance whole-brain radiation therapy delivers radiation to the entire brain except for the hippocampus. The hippocampus is a brain structure that is important for memory. Hippocampus avoidance during whole-brain radiation therapy decreases the amount of radiation that is delivered to this area. Memantine is often given with whole brain radiation therapy and may decrease the risk of cognitive side effects after radiation therapy to the brain. It is not yet known whether stereotactic radiosurgery or whole-brain radiation therapy works better in treating patients with 5-15 brain metastases.
This randomized phase III trial studies how well radiation therapy works compared with observation in treating patients with newly diagnosed grade II meningioma that has been completely removed by surgery. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors.
This phase II/III trial compares the usual treatment with radiation therapy and temozolomide to radiation therapy plus immunotherapy with ipilimumab and nivolumab in treating patients with newly diagnosed MGMT unmethylated glioblastoma. Radiation therapy uses high energy photons to kill tumor and shrink tumors. Chemotherapy drugs, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab and nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving radiation therapy with ipilimumab and nivolumab lengthen the time without brain tumor from returning or growing and extend patients life compared to usual treatment of radiation therapy and chemotherapy.