North Central Cancer Therapy Group (a research base).
National Cancer Institute.
Death of cells in an organ/tissue.
New/abnormal growth of tissue, may form a tumor/mass, may be non-cancerous or cancerous.
Type of cancer developing from early form of nerve cells.
Decrease in common type of the white blood cells important to fight infections.
National Institute of Health.
National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Program (a “specialty” research base, now a part of NRG).
Closing; obstruction of a hollow organ, eg: blood vessel
Office of Human Research Protection.
A specialty which deals with prevention and treatment of cancer.
Office of Protection from Research Risks of the NIH, oversees IRBs and related matters.
Best/most favorable or desirable.
Given by mouth.
Rare inherited bone disorder characterized by hard bone(stone bone)
Bone disorder characterized by loss of bone leading to increased risk of fracture.
Administration by route other than mouth and alimentary canal.
Origination and development of disease.
Testing a drug in healthy volunteers to determine limits of tolerance.
Clinical trial / testing done on patients to assess patient safety and efficay.
Usually a big randomized clinical trial to confirm and expand information on safety and usefulness of a new drug.
Irritation or inflammation of a vein.
An inactive substance which may resemble an active agent but has no medicinal value.
Symptom or change of condition seen when a placebo is given; not attributable to an active drug agent.
A component of blood that helps in clotting of blood (stops bleeding).
An agent that helps another agent work better.
As and when needed.
Likely course of a disease/probable outcomes.
A drug given to prevent disease or infection.
A study following patients forward in time.
A document with a plan for a scientific experiment/medical treatment.
Situated closer to the center of the body, away from the end.
Pertaining to the lungs.
Every day; daily.
Four times a day.
Type of cancer treatment using high energy waves to kill cancer ells/ X-ray or cobalt treatment.
Assignment of treatment group by chance, similar to tossing a coin (when there is more than one treatment choice).
Red blood cell.
Resulting from new combinations of genes(genetic material).
Appears again /returns.
Stubborn/resistant/ not responding to treatment.
Formation/restoration/regrowth of a structure or of lost tissue.
Plan or prescribed course of medical treatment.
Return or reappearance of a disease after initial improvement.
Decrease / disappearance of evidence of cancer or other disease.
Pertaining to the kidneys.
Remove or cut out tissue or a part of an organ surgically.
Historic study /study looking back over past experience.
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group ( a research group, now a part of NRG).